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Bacterial signatures and their inflammatory potentials associated with prostate cancer.

TitleBacterial signatures and their inflammatory potentials associated with prostate cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBr├╝ggemann, H, Al-Zeer, MA
JournalAPMIS
Volume128
Issue2
Pagination80-91
Date Published2020 Feb
ISSN1600-0463
KeywordsAnimals, Bacterial Infections, Humans, Inflammation, Male, Prostate, Prostatic Neoplasms
Abstract

Chronic inflammation can create a microenvironment that can contribute to the formation of prostate pathologies. Far less well understood is the origin of inflammation in the prostate. One potential source is microbial infections of the prostate. This review summarizes recent findings regarding the presence of bacteria in the prostate and the dysbiosis of bacterial populations in the urinary tract and the gastrointestinal tract related to prostate cancer, thereby focusing on next-generation sequencing (NGS)-generated data. The current limitations regarding NGS-based detection methods and other difficulties in the quest for a microbial etiology for prostate cancer are discussed. We then focus on a few bacterial species, including Cutibacterium acnes and Escherichia coli that are often NGS-detected in prostatic tissue specimens, and discuss their possible contribution as initiator or enhancer of prostate inflammation and prostate carcinogenesis.

DOI10.1111/apm.13021
Alternate JournalAPMIS
PubMed ID31990107