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Clinical and genomic features of Corynebacterium macginleyi-associated infectious keratitis.

TitleClinical and genomic features of Corynebacterium macginleyi-associated infectious keratitis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsSagerfors, S, Poehlein, A, Afshar, M, Lindblad, BEjdervik, Brüggemann, H, Söderquist, B
JournalSci Rep
Volume11
Issue1
Pagination6015
Date Published2021 Mar 16
ISSN2045-2322
Abstract

Infectious keratitis is a potentially sight threatening ophthalmological emergency. Contact lens wear is a common risk factor. Diagnostic advances such as MALDI-TOF MS provides new insights into the spectrum of corneal pathogens and on microbes previously considered as commensals. Corynebacterium macginleyi was described in 1995, and in 2018, the genomic features of three isolates were reported after whole-genome sequencing. Here we describe the clinical characteristics of patients with infectious keratitis (n = 29) presumably caused by Corynebacterium macginleyi, and analyze the genomic features of C. macginleyi (n = 22) isolated from the corneal ulcers of these patients. The disease course was uneventful apart from minor interventions such as corneal cross-linking and amniotic membrane transplant. Genome sequencing and comparison revealed a highly conserved core genome of C. macginleyi. Based on the analyses of single nucleotide polymorphisms, the population could be divided into two main clades that also differed in a few clade-specific genomic islands. Patients infected with an isolate belonging to the minor clade (n = 7) presented a more severe disease. Comparisons with other corynebacterial species clearly separated C. macginleyi. C. macginleyi may be considered a corneal pathogen; genomic analysis provided insights into its population structure and disease-causing potential.

DOI10.1038/s41598-021-85336-w
Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID33727638
PubMed Central IDPMC7966771