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Mutagenesis Induced by Sub-Lethal Doses of Ciprofloxacin: Genotypic and Phenotypic Differences Between the Strain PA14 and Clinical Isolates.

TitleMutagenesis Induced by Sub-Lethal Doses of Ciprofloxacin: Genotypic and Phenotypic Differences Between the Strain PA14 and Clinical Isolates.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMigliorini, LBusato, Brüggemann, H, de Sales, ROliveira, Koga, PCélia Mar, de Souza, AVieira, Martino, MDalla Vall, Galhardo, RS, Severino, P
JournalFront Microbiol
Volume10
Pagination1553
Date Published2019
ISSN1664-302X
Abstract

Bacterial resistance is a severe threat to global public health. Exposure to sub-lethal concentrations has been considered a major driver of mutagenesis leading to antibiotic resistance in clinical settings. Ciprofloxacin is broadly used to treat infections caused by , whereas increased mutagenesis induced by sub-lethal concentrations of ciprofloxacin has been reported for the reference strain, PAO1, . In this study we report increased mutagenesis induced by sub-lethal concentrations of ciprofloxacin for another reference strain, PA14-UCBPP, and lower mutagenesis for clinical isolates when compared to the reference strain. This unexpected result may be associated with missense mutations in and , involved in adaptive responses, and the presence of Pyocin S2, which were found in all clinical isolates but not in the reference strain genome. The genetic differences between clinical isolates of and the reference PA14-UCBPP, often used to study phenotypes , may be involved in reduced mutagenesis under sub-lethal concentrations of CIP, a scenario that should be further explored for the understanding of bacterial fitness in hospital environments. Moreover, we highlight the presence of a complete operon in a clinical isolate. Even though the presence of did not contribute to a significant increase in mutagenesis, it highlights the dynamic exchange of genetic material between bacterial species in the hospital environment.

DOI10.3389/fmicb.2019.01553
Alternate JournalFront Microbiol
PubMed ID31354657
PubMed Central IDPMC6636244