Prevalence of Flp Pili-Encoding Plasmids in Isolates Obtained from Prostatic Tissue.
|Title||Prevalence of Flp Pili-Encoding Plasmids in Isolates Obtained from Prostatic Tissue.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Davidsson, S, Carlsson, J, Mölling, P, Gashi, N, Andrén, O, Andersson, S-O, Brzuszkiewicz, E, Poehlein, A, Al-Zeer, MA, Brinkmann, V, Scavenius, C, Nazipi, S, Söderquist, B, Brüggemann, H|
Inflammation is one of the hallmarks of prostate cancer. The origin of inflammation is unknown, but microbial infections are suspected to play a role. In previous studies, the Gram-positive, low virulent bacterium (formerly ) was frequently isolated from prostatic tissue. It is unclear if the presence of the bacterium represents a true infection or a contamination. Here we investigated type II, also called subspecies , which is the most prevalent type among prostatic isolates. Genome sequencing of type II isolates identified large plasmids in several genomes. The plasmids are highly similar to previously identified linear plasmids of type I strains associated with acne vulgaris. A PCR-based analysis revealed that 28.4% (21 out of 74) of all type II strains isolated from cancerous prostates carry a plasmid. The plasmid shows signatures for conjugative transfer. In addition, it contains a gene locus for tight adherence () that is predicted to encode adhesive Flp (fimbrial low-molecular weight protein) pili. In subsequent experiments a locus-encoded putative pilin subunit was identified in the surface-exposed protein fraction of plasmid-positive type II strains by mass spectrometry, indicating that the locus is functional. Additional plasmid-encoded proteins were detected in the secreted protein fraction, including two signal peptide-harboring proteins; the corresponding genes are specific for type II , thus lacking from plasmid-positive type I strains. Further support for the presence of Flp pili in type II was provided by electron microscopy, revealing cell appendages in locus-positive strains. Our study provides new insight in the most prevalent prostatic subspecies of , subsp. , and indicates the existence of Flp pili in plasmid-positive strains. Such pili may support colonization and persistent infection of human prostates by .
|Alternate Journal||Front Microbiol|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC5696575|