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Tetanus Toxin Synthesis is Under the Control of A Complex Network of Regulatory Genes in .

TitleTetanus Toxin Synthesis is Under the Control of A Complex Network of Regulatory Genes in .
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsChapeton-Montes, D, Plourde, L, Deneve, C, Garnier, D, Barbirato, F, Colombié, V, Demay, S, Haustant, G, Gorgette, O, Schmitt, C, Thouvenot, C, Brüggemann, H, Popoff, MR
JournalToxins (Basel)
Volume12
Issue5
Date Published2020 05 15
ISSN2072-6651
KeywordsBacterial Proteins, Carbonates, Clostridium tetani, Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial, Gene Regulatory Networks, Phosphates, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Tetanus Toxin, Trans-Activators, Transcription, Genetic
Abstract

produces a potent neurotoxin, the tetanus toxin (TeNT), which is responsible for an often-fatal neurological disease (tetanus) characterized by spastic paralysis. Prevention is efficiently acquired by vaccination with the TeNT toxoid, which is obtained by fermentation and subsequent purification and chemical inactivation. synthesizes TeNT in a regulated manner. Indeed, the TeNT gene () is mainly expressed in the late exponential and early stationary growth phases. The gene tetanus regulatory gene located immediately upstream of , encodes an alternative sigma factor which was previously identified as a positive regulator of . In addition, the genome of encodes more than 127 putative regulators, including 30 two-component systems (TCSs). Here, we investigated the impact of 12 regulators on TeNT synthesis which were selected based on their homology with related regulatory elements involved in toxin production in other clostridial species. Among nine TCSs tested, three of them impact TeNT production, including two positive regulators that indirectly stimulate and transcription. One negative regulator was identified that interacts with both and promoters. Two other TCSs showed a moderate effect: one binds to the promoter and weakly increases the extracellular TeNT level, and another one has a weak inverse effect. In addition, CodY (control of dciA (decoyinine induced operon) Y) but not Spo0A (sporulation stage 0) or the DNA repair protein Mfd (mutation frequency decline) positively controls TeNT synthesis by interacting with the promoter. Moreover, we found that inorganic phosphate and carbonate are among the environmental factors that control TeNT production. Our data show that TeNT synthesis is under the control of a complex network of regulators that are largely distinct from those involved in the control of toxin production in or .

DOI10.3390/toxins12050328
Alternate JournalToxins (Basel)
PubMed ID32429286
PubMed Central IDPMC7290440
Grant ListGrant Clostridium tetani / / Sanofi Pasteur / International